How Well Do You Know Sinhala Vocabulary?
Answer 60 questions and find out how well you know your Sinhala vocabulary.
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Sinhala is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by about 16 million Sinhalese people in Sri Lanka, where it is one of the official and national languages, along with Tamil. It is also used as a second language by another 3 million people belonging to other ethnic groups in Sri Lanka.
Sinhala, also known as Sinhalese, is an Indo-Aryan language spoken primarily in Sri Lanka, where it holds the status of both an official and national language. With approximately 16 million speakers, Sinhala plays a pivotal role in shaping the cultural identity and social fabric of the island nation.
The history of the Sinhala language can be traced back over 2,500 years, making it one of the oldest living languages in the world. Rooted in the ancient scriptures of Buddhism, such as the Pali Canon, Sinhala has preserved the teachings of the Buddha and serves as a medium for religious rituals and ceremonies. The Buddhist scriptures, known as the Tripitaka, were translated into Sinhala during the reign of King Vattagamani Abhaya, contributing to the language’s rich literary heritage.
Sinhala’s writing system is unique and distinctive, known as the Sinhala script, which has evolved over centuries and has a blend of phonetic sounds and symbols. The script’s elegant and flowing nature adds to the aesthetic appeal of written Sinhala and is an integral part of the language’s cultural identity.
Sinhala culture is deeply intertwined with the language, encompassing a diverse range of art forms, music, dance, and traditional rituals. Traditional Sinhala music, known as “Baila,” reflects the vibrant and rhythmic essence of Sri Lankan life, while the intricate dance forms, such as “Kandyan” and “Low Country” dances, showcase the nation’s rich cultural heritage.
Sinhala literature flourished during the medieval period, producing renowned poets, writers, and scholars. The Ramayana and the Mahabharata, two epic Indian poems, were adapted into Sinhala, becoming part of the nation’s literary treasure. In the modern era, Sinhala literature continues to thrive, with contemporary authors exploring various themes, genres, and styles.
Sri Lanka’s artistic and architectural heritage is also influenced by Sinhala culture, as evident in the majestic ancient cities of Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa, as well as the iconic Sigiriya rock fortress. These UNESCO World Heritage Sites stand as a testament to the ingenuity and craftsmanship of the Sinhala people.
Due to Sri Lanka’s prominence as an ancient trading hub, cultural influences ranging from East Asia to the Middle East have shaped the island, particularly those of the Sinhalese people.
Did you know?
In Sinhala, the language of the majority of people, Sri means “blessed,” and Lanka is the name of the island. Sinhala means “lion’s blood,” and the lion is the central image on the national flag.
Learn Sinhala and the language of this lion of a country.